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Friday, October 17, 2014

Dr. Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry The Father of physics and Nuclear Research in Pakistan


Personal Information

Dr Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry  was a nuclear Physicist and famous Muslim Pakistani Scientist. He was born on 1st July 1903 in Kahnaur, Rohtak district, East Punjab British Indian area now India. Dr Rafi Muhammad Chaudhry also works for science.  He was studies at University of Cambridge and Aligarh Muslim University. R.M Chaudhry also known as Gamma and Beta decay . 

Professional Career
In 1960, Chaudhry joined the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, where he engaged nuclear technology research. He was the first director of the Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH), and was instrumental the installation of nuclear particle accelerator there. Chaudhry published 42 research papers while at PINSTECH, and due to the sensitivity of the work, the papers were highly classified. Chaudhry was an administrative and influential figure in the establishment of PARR-I reactoras well, as being part of Abdus Salam's team that supervised the first reactor criticality at PINSTECH. In 1967, Rafi supervised the team of scientists at PINSTECH that successfully produced the first batch of radioisotopes.

1971 war and atomic bomb project
In 1968, Chaudhry went to United States with a fellowship awarded by University of California at Berkley. There, he was joined by Hafeez Qureshi, a mechanical engineer who built weapons in the 1970s. In 1969, Chaudhry moved to the University of Chicago where he did his research at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). In 1970, Chaudhry and Qureshi visited the National Museum of the United States Air Force where they saw the actual design of Fat Man – an implosion device built during the World War II.

Awards
1.  Sitara-e-Khidmat (1964)
2.  Sitara-e-Imtiaz (1982)
3.  Hilal-e-Imtiaz (2005)
4.  Nishan-e-Imtiaz


Death
4 December 1988 in Lahore, Pakistan