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Friday, November 28, 2014

Chief Justice (R) Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry


“When you live with an iron fist and a heart of steel, you pay with your flesh and blood” (Anonymous)

Justice (R) Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry – a name signifying justice and a strong judicial system. In 2005, Justice Iftikhar, in his message on becoming the Chief Justice of Pakistan said:
"The term justice is not to be interpreted in a narrow and pedantic sense. It encompasses political justice, economic justice and social justice. No individual or a nation can attain optimum level or their potentialities in case of denial of either political, economic or social justice. True and unalloyed justice, transcends the boundaries of cast, creed, and color. It is universal and for the entire mankind. This is the theme of all revealed religions and Allah the Almighty loves those who act equitably." 

Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry s/o Chaudhry Jan Muhammad was born on 12th December 1948. He became the 20th Chief Justice of Pakistan in June 2005, after Justice Nazim Hussain Siddiqi. He was appointed as Chief Justice by Pakistani President Gen. Pervez Musharraf on May 7, 2005. He was suspended by President General Musharraf on March 9, 2007, but was reinstated by order of the Supreme Court on July 20, 2007. On November 3, 2007, Chief of the Army Staff General Musharraf suspended the constitution and declared a state of emergency.  Justice Iftikhar reacted promptly, convening a seven-member bench which issued at interim order against this action. He also ordered the armed forces of Pakistan not to obey any illegal orders.
Subsequently, 111th brigade of the Pakistan army entered the supreme court building and removed Chaudhry and several other judges from the Supreme Court. After the imposition of emergency, Justice Abdul Hameed Dogar was sworn in as the new Chief Justice of Pakistan; whereas, Justice Iftikhar Chaudry was put under house arrest.

Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, was born on 12th December, 1948 in Faisalabad and completed his earlier education in Balochistan; did his LL.B from Hyderabad; started practice as an Advocate in 1974; enrolled as an Advocate of High Court in 1976 and of Supreme Court in 1985; practiced in all fields of law i.e. Constitutional, Criminal, Tax, Revenue, etc. In the Bar he served twice as ‘Vice Chairman of the Balochistan Bar Council’, was also elected as ‘President of Balochistan Bar Association’ and ‘President of the High Court Bar Association’. In 1989, he was appointed as ‘Advocate General of Balochistan’ and elevated as ‘Judge of the High Court of Balochistan’ in 1990, being a Judge of the High Court, also served as Banking Judge, Judge of the Special Courts for Speedy Trial and Customs Appellate Court as well as Company Judge; appointed as ‘Chairman of the Balochistan Local Council Election Authority’ and conducted twice Local Bodies Elections in the Province of Balochistan showing his rich experience in dealing with executive administration. He has a special interest for humanitarian and educational causes. He twice served as ‘Chairman of the Pakistan Red Crescent Society – Balochistan’. 
Presently he is ‘Honorary Patron in Chief of Helpers Association’ and ‘Chairman of Education Society of Sibi Law College’. His personal interest in disseminating legal education among far-flung areas paved way for establishment of Law College in Sibi.

He was appointed as ‘Chief Justice of High Court of Balochistan’ in 1999. It was during his tenure as Chief Justice of Balochistan that he took personal keen interest in establishing long awaited Circuit Bench of High Court of Balochistan at Sibi. He was elevated as ‘Judge of Supreme Court’ on February 4, 2000. Besides functioning as Judge of the Supreme Court, he served as Chairman, Enrolment Committee of Pakistan Bar Council. 

He was appointed as Chief Justice of Pakistan and took oath of the office on 30th June, 2005. He attended 22nd Biennial Congress on the Law of the World, held in Beijing & Shanghai, China in September, 2005. He participated in the International Conference and Showcase on Judicial Reforms held in Philippines in November, 2005. He also visited United Kingdom in February, 2006 in connection with the UK-Pakistan Judicial Protocol on Children.

Famous for taking suo moto actions, especially against the Government, he became the first Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Pakistan to be suspended on politically motivated charges of misuse of power which were erroneous and lacked validity. Nevertheless, his suspension and subsequent reinstatement gave a new life to judiciary.

As anticipated, the repercussions of the ouster of Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry turned out to be far-reaching and ugly. The President should have deliberated further if he thought the charges against the judge were serious enough to warrant a confrontation. Probably, the government feared that judgments in the constitutional cases relating to the dual office of the president and his re-election by the current assemblies inevitably, which were due before the court might go against it if Justice Chaudhry was the Chief Justice. 

On his suspension, the lawyer community took to the streets and the common man added his ‘hurrah’ to it. Consequently, he became the ‘most popular person’ of Pakistan. 

On March 09, 2007, Chaudhry was suspended by Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf. Musharraf also filed a "reference" (i.e., legal case) against Chaudhry for alleged misconduct, such as an allegation that Chaudhry demanded an ostentatious Mercedes-Benz for his official car.

The suspension of Chaudhry was the first time in the 50-year history of the Pakistani Supreme Court that a Chief Justice was suspended. The court under Chief Justice Chaudhry had made rulings against governmental corruption, including the Pakistan Steel Mills case.

In 2007, the Supreme court ruled against the government, saying that the selling of Pakistan Steel Mills to a group including Arif Habib, former client and friend of PM Shaukat Aziz, was done in "indecent haste".
To put it simple, Justice Chaudhry’s suspension was done in ‘indecent haste’ too, and with intentions that were not very pure. A critical view of the possible reasons is as follows:
•    He worked hard while pursuing his efforts to clear the backlog of cases and burnt the midnight oil in literal sense while taking up the additional responsibility of the human rights cases under his suo moto jurisdiction. A separate human rights cell was set up at the Supreme Court that received thousands of complaints from poor victims across the country.
•    Lawyers had a grudge that Mr Chaudhry was wasting his precious time while hearing cases which actually came under the jurisdiction of civil courts. 
•    The entire police hierarchy, bureaucracy, politicians from the ruling as well as opposition parties, feudal lords and several incumbent rulers directly or indirectly came in the line of fire when Mr Chaudhry either gave decisions against them or passed stern directions for them to comply with.
•    He admonished the former inspector general of Punjab police, Maj (r) Ziaul Hasan, when the Punjab police was accused of not implementing 90 percent of the SC directives. Hasan might have felt that he was humiliated in an open court so he retaliated and broke the court decorum by exchanging words with the judge. At the time, the judge told journalists not to report that part of the proceedings.
•    In the Pakistan Steel Mills (PSM) case, Mr Chaudhry headed a larger bench and ruled that the Cabinet Committee on Privatisation (CCOP) grossly violated the law in the PSM sell-off. Certainly, the government would not have liked this judgement because none other than the prime minister was heading the CCOP.
•    While pursuing the case of missing citizens, who were allegedly picked up by the intelligence agencies, the judge fixed responsibility on the government and observed that it was the duty of the state to protect people’s lives and ensure their safety. This case might have annoyed the government.
•    In the public interest cases, he also went off the government line and issued directions for the authorities to benefit the common man.

After the event, there was unrest in the country with regard to the validity of the allegations against Chaudhry, as well as doubt as to whether Musharraf actually had the power to suspend the Chief Justice under the circumstances. 

On May 5, 2007, Chaudhry traveled from Islamabad to Lahore to address the Lahore High Court Bar Association. Demonstrations of support along the route slowed his motorcade to the point that it took him 25 hours to reach the dinner the Association was holding in his honor. This journey usually takes 4-5 hours on average.[citation needed] Demonstrators chanted not only slogans supporting Chaudrhy, but also openly called for Musharraf to step down(Go Musharraf Go).In his speech he criticized dictatorship and emphasized on the important of the rule of law. 

On July 20, 2007, Chaudhry was reinstated to his position as Chief Justice in a ruling by the thirteen-member Pakistani Supreme Court which also quashed the misconduct reference filed against him by Musharraf. The ruling combined 25 constitutional petitions filed by Chaudhry and other interested parties, but referred most of the issues raised by the 24 petitions not filed by Chaudhry himself to lower courts for extended adjudication. All thirteen of the sitting justices agreed that Musharraf's action had been illegal, and ten of the thirteen ordered Chaudhry was to be reinstated and that he "shall be deemed to be holding the said office and shall always be deemed to have been so holding the same."

On 3rd November, 2007 Gen Musharraf declared Emergency in the country. After the imposition of emergency and suspension of constitution, Justice Chaudhry constituted an 8 member bench of Supreme Court judges duly headed by him, and immediately quashed the provisional constitution order, declaration of emergency and the suspension of the constitution, and ordered all civil and military personnel to ignore the order. He also ordered all the chief justices of high courts and judges of Supreme Court and high court not to take oath under the PCO. Soon after, the supreme court was stormed by the 111th brigade of the Pakistan Army and chief justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudary along with seven other judges of the of the Pakistan supreme court were removed from office and kept under house arrest. Musharraf replaced Justice Iftikhar Chaudry with Abdul Hameed Dogar as the de facto chief justice of Pakistan and also administered the oath of office to three other judges of the supreme court under the PCO, Justice Dogar later took a fresh oath on the constitution after it was restored and the PCO withdrawn.

He is under strict house arrest and no one has met him officially since he was arrested on 3 November, 2007. However he has continued to denounce Musharraf's declaration of emergency and vowed to push for a return to the rule of law. 

On November 6 Iftikhar Chaudhry spoke by phone to a group of 500 lawyers. In his statement he said that the constitution had been "ripped to shreds" and that the people should "rise up and restore it". He added that although he is currently under guard, he will soon "join you in your struggle". Supporters and political parties have since rallied around him once again. 
On November 7 his guards were arrested and taken away after they refused to handover the security to the guards loyal to Musharraf. 

On November 15 Geo News reported that Chaudhry had ordered the Islamabad Inspector General of Police to take action against his and his family’s house arrest and their possible removal to Quetta. According to the channel, Chaudhry held the interior secretary, the commissioner, the deputy commissioner and the assistant commissioner responsible for his house arrest. He said he was still the chief justice of Pakistan and the official residence was his by right. 

On November 18th, in a letter to prominent English-language newspaper The News he wrote: "I will fight till the last drop of my blood to save the Constitution of Pakistan and so will resist any move to ‘deport’ me to some far-flung area with the intention to separate me from the lawyers and the Pakistani citizens".

AWARDS & HONORS:

-    Harvard Law School (HLS) Medal of Freedom
        

In the wake of the imposition of emergency rule in Pakistan, on November 14, 2007, the Harvard Law School Association decided to award its highest honour, the Medal of Freedom to Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry, following the military crackdown the previous week. He becomes the first Pakistani to be presented with such honour.
Harvard Law School Medal of Freedom is given to selected personalities for their contributions to freedom, justice, and equality. Former South African President Nelson Mandela is one of the previous recipients of this award.

-    Lawyer of the Year Award
The National Law Journal picked Mr. Chaudhry as the lawyer of the year for 2007, the only non-american in the history of the Journal. The official line of the US government may be muted critique of the dictator but the human heart decries for the innocent and pallbearer of justice. Mr. Chaudhry, how weak he may be in a country run by dictators half its life, stands tall by his denunciation of mockery of justice and deviation from rule of the law.

On December 15, 2007 'emergency' was lifted and Musharraf's crafted lawyers reinstated an amended Constitution which has been cut out to fit for the dictator. Musharraf made it clear that reanactment of the Constitution does not mean reinstatements of Justices including Mr. Chaudhry. To Mr. Chaudhry and rest of the world this step also remains unconstitutional; a duly elected Parliament can only alter the manuscript of the constitution with a two-third majority. The act of 'emergency' has done nothing but purged judiciary of dissenting justices and installment of Musharraf friendly Supreme Court. The dejure Chief Justice is correct that the Constitution of Pakistan is in shreds and has been mutilated with despotism being the order of the day or days to come.

Friday, November 21, 2014

Hall of fame: Shahbaz Ahmed — the Maradona of Hockey


But one man arguably ranks higher than any player in the history of the game; his control of the hockey ball, lightening runs from one end of the field to another, razor sharp and accurate passes for the centre forwards made him the ‘Maradona of hockey’.

Shahbaz Ahmed captained Pakistan to the 1994 World Cup title in Sydney, the last global triumph for the country in the much loved national sport.
His performance in the final against the Netherlands is considered by many as one of the greatest displays of dribbling, body dodges, ball control and stick work the world has ever seen.


Shahbaz Ahmad  is a former field hockey player from Pakistan who is also known as Shahbaz Ahmad Sr. He is considered to be among the best forwards in the history of field hockey. He joined the Pakistan National Hockey Team in 1986, and was captain of the national side, that led his team to the 1994 Men's Hockey World Cup victory. After the Atlanta Games in 1996, he played for Dutch club Oranje Zwart and for German club Harvestehuder THC from Hamburg for a couple of years.

Nicknamed The Maradona of Hockey he has represented Pakistan in the Champions Trophy tournaments held in 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989; 3rd Asia Cup, New Delhi 1989; 7th Hockey World Cup, 1990, Lahore, BMW Trophy Amsterdam, 1990, 11th Asian Games Beijing, 1990, 12th Champions Trophy, Melbourne and Hockey World Cup, Sydney, 1994. He made his world famous run down against Australia in the same tournament. " But in 1994, at the Sydney World Cup, in the pool match between Australia and Pakistan, Australia had a similar free hit just outside the Pakistan circle which was intercepted and moved onto Pakistan's Shahbaz who then executed his famous run with Australia's Ken Wark chasing him. Shahbaz drew a covering defender and reverse-sticked the ball to Kamran Ashraf, who scored."

He played at three Olympic Games, winning a bronze medal in 1992.

Shahbaz Ahmad was declared the best player in the Seventh World Cup, Lahore, 1990, and received the BMW Trophy, Amsterdam, 1990. He has won gold medals in the 3rd Asia Cup, New Delhi, 1989; Asian Games, Beijing, 1990; silver medals in Champions Trophy, 1988; 7th world cup, Lahore, 1990; BMW Trophy, Amsterdam, 1990; and a bronze medal in 8th Champions Trophy, 1986. He was awarded the best player award in 1994 world cup Sydney as well.

Shahbaz Ahmad is regarded as one of the best forwards in the game.[citation needed] He is the only player in history of Field Hockey to win two consecutive player of the tournament awards in the 1990 World Cup in Lahore, and at the 1994 World Cup in Sydney. He leads the list of most-capped Pakistanis with 304 caps in international field hockey.

Monday, November 17, 2014

Junaid Jamshed Islamic Preacher and Naat Khawan


Junaid Jamshed is one of the most talented Naat Khawan, Naat and Nazam Writer, his voice has tremendous feelings of love toward Allah that comes from within his soul, he was a young Pakistani recording artist who came to the limelight as frontman of pop group Vital Signs in 1987 with the song Dil Dil Pakistan and remained a youth icon through the 1990s. In 1999, Junaid Jamshed released his debut solo album Us Rah Par which became an immediate national hit, followed by Dil Ki Baat in 2001. Since then he developed interest in religion and concentrated on singing hymns. Junaid Jamshed's debut album Jalwa-e-Janan in 2005 was followed by Mehboob-e-Yazdaan in 2006. 

Junaid Jamshed now days know as Naat khuwan and a scholar. He was very active in Tablighi Jamaat and has a big role in this. Junaid Jamshed is now an active member of the Tablighi Jamaat. He frequently travels many areas of the world and inspires Muslims and for to improve their practice of Islam. His most favorite album Badee-uz-zaman was a special and famous album of the world in Islamic Naat Field. You can find all Junaid Jamshed New naats of 2014

Sohail Abbas -World Greatest Flicker Of The Ball


Sohail Abbas, a man of records for being the highest goal scorer in the history of field hockey and captain of Pakistan Hockey team, was the flag bearer from Pakistan in the opening ceremony of London Olympics 2012.

Sohail Abbas is a living – and in fact playing – legend of Pakistan hockey. Although he plays as a defender, he is one of the greatest penalty corner specialists and the highest goal scorer in international hockey today.

The man, Sohail Abbas, is also considered the best short corner expert in world hockey. He has a very strong wrist, a powerful drag flick and a perfected dummy "body dodge" action. He is actually considered the most powerful drag flicker in hockey today. He is immensely accurate with his drag flicks and has a superb conversion rate.

ISPR's 'Defender' wins Best Documentary Award in Rome



A short film about the Army has won an award in the best documentary category at the International Defence Film Festival. According to ISPR Director General Maj-Gen Asim Bajwa, the short 5:15 minute film called “Defender,” featuring various sections of the military, won over jurists. The film was produced by ISPR and its creative team. A short film about the Army has won an award in the best documentary category at the International Defence Film Festival. According to ISPR Director General Maj-Gen Asim Bajwa, the short 5:15 minute film called “Defender,” featuring various sections of the military, won over jurists. The film was produced by ISPR and its creative team.


Sunday, November 16, 2014

Babar Iqbal youngest CIWA, CWNA , MSP, MCTS in .NET 3.5,


Babar Iqbal born 3 March 1997 in Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan is a young I.T. Pakistani child prodigy who started computer programming at the age of 5. He came to prominence by becoming the youngest Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP) in the world at the age of 9, as well as obtaining the record of being the youngest CIWA aged 9, youngest CWNA at 10, youngest Microsoft Student Partner (MSP) at 11 and youngest MCTS in .NET 3.5 at 12 after Arfa Karim Randhawa.

His research has been accepted by 8th IEEE International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology (Innovations'12). As of 2009 Iqbal was based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates and was undergoing training and working with Microsoft.

A 12-year old student Babar Iqbal hailing from Dera Ismail Kahn made a fourth world record in field of computer. Earlier, Babar, generally known as genius cyber kid, had set up three world records including Youngest Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP) at the age 9 years, Youngest Certified Wireless Network Administrator (CWNA) at the age 9 years and Youngest Certified Web Professional Associate (CIWA) at age 10 years.

While, the recent fourth record he made as Youngest Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist (MCTS) at the age 12 in Dubai.

The participants of this competition were aged from 20 to 35 years. By making this record, young Babar surprised the IT experts from all over the world. He also surpassed his compatriot Irfa Kareem Randhawa, who made this record at the age of 9 years and seven months.

Babar was born in surrounding overwhelmed with computers and monitors on March 2, 1997.

His two brothers and sisters (four in all) are Microsoft Certified Professional.

Babar Iqbal’s Website: http://www.babariqbal.com/
Babar Iqbal’s LinkedIn Profile: http://www.linkedin.com/in/babariqbal
Babar Iqbal On FaceBook: http://www.facebook.com/babariqbal

LUMS's student Muhammad Abdur Rauf lands job at Microsoft Corporation



A computer science major at the Lahore University of Management Science’s (LUMS) School of Science and Engineering, Rauf was recently hired by Microsoft as a Software Development Engineer. Rauf’s new job will require him to use his skills testing computer programmes and software for technical faults, or ‘bugs’ as they are more commonly referred to. It was, however, only after a rigorous hiring process that Rauf secured a place at Microsoft. He applied for the opening through the company’s website in December last year, and was interviewed over the phone by representatives in February. According to the LUMS website, he was then asked to travel to Dubai – all expenses paid – where he gave four technical interviews during which his previous projects were scrutinised and discussed in detail. He was also asked to solve algorithms and do programmed coding. In his last interview, he was given a coding problem which he was asked to debug. After an exceptional performance, Microsoft offered him a job. He soon accepted. He will be required to report to the company’s headquarters in Seattle, Washington on October 1, 2012. Rauf says that one winning strategy that enabled him to succeed was his in-depth research about his employer, prior to his job application. He had been told that a team from Microsoft’s Dubai division will interview him. As preparation, he says that he studied a research paper of the very team that was to interview him. “I wanted to understand how they work and what their specific interests are,” he says. In the past, Rauf has freelanced for some local and international companies. He also has experience in developing software applications for Android-powered devices. Born in Bahawalnagar, Rauf has lived most of his life in Lahore. There, he attended The Trust School and completed his FSc from the Government College Lahore before he was admitted to LUMS. Rauf does not come from an affluent family; his father is a civil servant. Keeping his limitations in mind, Rauf applied for LUMS’ National Outreach Program – a need and merit based scholarship. Deemed to be a deserving candidate, he was soon admitted in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at LUMS. “However, after taking a few courses in humanities and social sciences, I realised that these were not my cup of tea,” he says. “I switched to the computer science major because I had prior interest in the subject”. As evidenced, Rauf has done well in the subject of his choosing; he also works as a research associate in the computer sciences department. His research interest is in programming languages. When asked if he ever thought about what he’ll do after landing a dream job, he says: “this is just the beginning! I want some experience working there, and then I want to think about higher studies in a specialised field.” His advice to his compatriots? Students should not be afraid to fail; they should learn instead to face adversity and handle it to the best of their ability. After identifying one’s interest, Rauf says, one should stay focused and move in a direction that helps them achieve their goals.

Source: http://tribune.com.pk/story/351109/university-student-lands-job-at-microsoft-corporation/

5-year-old genius Pakistani Child passes Microsoft Certified Professional exam




5-year-old genius Ayan Qureshi from Coventry, UK, has become the world's youngest qualified computer specialist.          
Ayan Qureshi passed the Microsoft Certified Professional exam - seen as a vital qualification for IT experts - with flying colours.
The gifted schoolboy was just five years and 11 months old when he passed the test - smashing the previous record of six and a half.
Microsoft's stringent exam is normally taken by adults after they graduate from university because it is so highly regarded by employers.
Ayan almost missed out on the chance to sit the test because shocked invigilators wrongly thought he was too young.
Officials from Birmingham University had to put in a call to Microsoft's American HQ to check if he was allowed to sit the exam.
The talented youngster eventually completed it in well under the time limit of two hours. 

A schoolboy has become the world's youngest qualified computer specialist after passing a Microsoft Windows exam at the age of just five.
Ayan Qureshi has only just started primary school, but passed the test at Birmingham City University to become a Microsoft Certified Professional.
In doing so he has set a new world record for the youngest person ever to pass a Microsoft exam - at the age of five years and 11 months, beating the previous record held by six-year-old Mehroz Yawar from Pakistan.

Thursday, November 13, 2014

A Pakistani Student, Haroon Tariq Secured 28 As In A Levels And Made A World Record



A Pakistani student, Haroon Tariq, has broken the current world record by securing a total of 47 As in his International General Certificate of Secondary Education (IGCSE) O Level and A Level exams from the University of Cambridge International Examinations.
His subjects spanned both the humanities and sciences including Human and Social Biology, Islamic Religion and Culture, Physics, Chemistry and Global Development.
A student of Froebel’s International School (FIS), Haroon Tariq’s achievement had put Pakistan in the global spotlight.
In the O Levels, the previous world record was 28 As which was also held by a Pakistani student Zohaib Asad. However, Haroon Tariq obtained 38 As in O levels and a total of 47As in his O and A level exams.
While talking to Dawn, Haroon Tariq said he studied 50 different subjects in O and A levels during the span of three years. He said obtaining 47 As was not easy as he had to study different languages including Spanish and French.
“I want to study engineering in the future, but have not decided whether to specialise in software engineering or aeronautical engineering,” he said.
Haroon Tariq said his teachers guided him well due to which he achieved the remarkable score, adding that he had to give all his attention to his studies.
Head Principal of the school Shahmina Kamal said, “I feel honoured to be instrumental in shaping a competent youngster for tomorrow’s Pakistan.” Similarly, the head of the Dept of Examinations Sahar Pirzada said, “I always remind students that success is a state of mind. They need to trust themselves as they always know more than what they think they do.”



A Pakistani Student, Haroon Tariq Secured 28 As... by awaztoday-tv

Thursday, November 6, 2014

Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood is a Pakistani nuclear engineer and Islamic scholar


Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood is a Pakistani nuclear engineer and Islamic scholar educated in Lahore, Pakistan and Manchester, United Kingdom. A controversial figure, Bashiruddin Mahmood is widely popular in Pakistan's scientific and religious circles. Mahmood, as an engineer, is an experienced atomic scientist and engineer who has largely contributed in the formative years of Pakistan's nuclear industry.

Mahmood is well known for his contacts and sympathies for Taliban which resulted in ending his engineering career. Mahmood is also a Islamic scholar, having written more than 15 books on the relationship between Islam and science.

Awards and honors

Sitara-e-Imtiaz (1998)
Gold medal, Pakistan Academy of Sciences (1998)
Gold medal, U.S. Institute of Historical biographies (1998)

Bibliography

1980; Doomsday and Life After Death
1982; The Miraculous Qur'an: A Challenge to Science and Mathematics
1984; The Greatest Success
1985; The Life of Book: A Scientific interpretation of Quran
1986; Muhammad: The First & the Last
1988; A New Book of the Children Rhymes
1989; Judgement day and Life After Death
1994; The Holy Quran and Dirac equations
1995; The Miraculous Qur'an – A Discovery Concerning Its Arrangements into Chapter and Parts
1996; The Challenge of Reality
1998; Cosmology and Human Destiny: Impact of Sunpots on Earthly events; Our Past and Future
2005 A Tafseer of the Holy Quran. (English version) (2005)
2006 There is no God, but Allah
2006 Kitab-e-Zindagi Tafseer (Urdu version)
2010 Muhammad - The Prophet of Mankind

Wednesday, November 5, 2014

ڈاکٹر سرفراز خان نیازی ؛ دنیائے طب میں انقلاب لانے والے پاکستانی سائنس دان


جب وہ والدین کے ہمراہ لکھنؤ سے کراچی پہنچے، تو متوسط طبقے کے ایک علاقے میں سر چھپانے کو جگہ ملی۔ اس محلے میں بعض غریب خاندان بھی آباد تھے۔ 13 سالہ سرفراز خان نیازی نے وہیں پہلی بار غربت کی تباہ کاریاں دیکھیں۔ان غریب گھرانوں میں سبھی لوگ بہ مشکل دو وقت کی روٹی کھا کر جسم و جاں کا ناتا برقرار رکھتے۔ لیکن جب کوئی فرد بیمار پڑتا تو، پورا گھرانا عجیب آفت میں مبتلا ہوجاتا۔ آمدن محدود تھی لہٰذا باپ اس مخمصے میں گرفتار رہتا کہ چندا کی دوا لائے یا روز کا کھانا جس سے سب پیٹ بھرتے تھے؟
سرفراز نے بچشم خود دیکھا کہ غریبوں کو مہنگی دوا نہ ملتی، تو وہ ایڑیاں رگڑ رگڑ کر جان دے دیتے۔ ان واقعات نے حساس سرفراز پر گہرا اثر کیا۔ اس نے فیصلہ کرلیا کہ وہ ادویہ سازی کا ماہر بنے گا تاکہ غربا کے لیے سستی دوائیں ایجاد کرسکے۔
نصف صدی قبل ایک پاکستانی لڑکے نے جو خواب دیکھا تھا، آج وہ امریکا میں اسے عملی جامہ پہنانے کی بھر پور کوشش کررہا ہے اور یہ کوئی عام سعی نہیں۔ماہرین طب کا کہنا ہے کہ اس کی کامیابی ادویہ سازی میں انقلاب برپا کرسکتی ہے۔ وجہ یہ کہ سرفراز انتہائی مہنگی مگر بہت مفید ادویہ کی سستی نقول بنانے میں کمال مہارت رکھتے ہیں۔
یہ 1995ء کی بات ہے جب ڈاکٹر سرفراز نیازی ماہر ادویہ سازی بن چکے تھے۔ انہیں احساس ہوا کہ مستقبل میں ’’حیاتی ادویہ‘‘ (biologics) انسانوں کے زیادہ کام آئیں گی۔ وجہ یہ ہے کہ جراثیم جینیاتی تبدیلیوں کے ذریعے خود کو طاقتور بنانے لگے تھے اور کئی اینٹی بائیوٹک ادویہ انہیں مارنے میں ناکام رہی تھیں۔
اینٹی بائیوٹک اور دیگر کیمیائی ادویہ کیمیکل مادوں سے بنتی ہیں جبکہ حیاتی ادویہ زندہ خلیوں یا سالموں (molecules) سے تیار ہوتی ہیں۔ کیمیائی ادویہ کبھی اثر کرتی ہیں کبھی نہیں، مگر حیاتی دوائیں عموماً بیماری کو جڑ سے اکھاڑ پھینکتی ہیں۔
مسئلہ یہ ہے کہ زندہ خلیوں سے بننے کے باعث حیاتی ادویہ کیمیائی دواؤں کی نسبت خاصی مہنگی ہوتی ہیں۔ وجہ یہ کہ انہیں ایجاد کرنے کی خاطر کثیر سرمایہ اور بہت بڑی جگہ درکار ہوتی ہے۔ ان اخراجات کی وجہ سے جب ایک حیاتی دوا معرض وجود میں آئے، تو ادویہ ساز کمپنی اسے مہنگی فروخت کرتی ہے تاکہ اپنا خرچہ پورا کرسکے۔
آج حیاتی ادویہ کے ذریعے کینسر، ذیابیطس، گٹھیا، چنبل، مرض کروہن (Crohn’s disease)، امراض گردہ، کمی خون (اینیما) وغیرہ جیسے خطرناک امراض کا کامیابی سے علاج جاری ہے۔ نیز جین تھراپی، خلویاتی تھراپی، ویکسین، مصنوعی خون کی مصنوعات، انسانی اعضا کی ٹرانسپلانٹیشن بھی حیاتی ادویہ کے زمرے میں شامل ہے۔
ڈاکٹر سرفراز نیازی کی سوچ درست تھی مگر سستی حیاتی ادویہ تیار کرنے کے لیے کروڑوں روپے درکار تھے۔ یہ بھاری بھرکم سرمایہ کہاں سے آتا؟ چناں چہ وہ کوئی ایسا آسان طریقہ ڈھونڈنے لگے جس سے سستی حیاتی دوا بن سکے۔ان کی خوش قسمتی کہ بیسویں صدی کے اواخر ہی میں ایک نئی قسم کی دوا ’’حیاتی مماثل‘‘ (biosimilar) نظریہ سامنے آگیا۔ یہ حیاتی مماثل دوا دراصل حقیقی حیاتی دوا کی نقل ہوتی ہے۔
امریکا اور یورپ میں ایک کیمیائی یا حیاتی دوا کی رجسٹریشن (یاپیٹنٹ) کا عرصہ 17 تا 20 سال پر محیط ہے۔ جب یہ عرصہ ختم ہوجائے، تو اس دوا کو کوئی بھی ادویہ ساز ادارہ بناسکتا ہے۔ شعبہ حیاتی ادویہ میں انہی دواؤں کو ’’حیاتی مماثل دوا‘‘ کا نام دیا گیا۔
حیاتی مماثل دوا بنانے میں حقیقی دوا کی نسبت کم اخراجات آتے ہیں۔ وجہ یہ کہ حقیقی دوا کی تحقیق و تجربات میں جو پیسہ لگا تھا، وہ اب صرف نہیں ہوتا۔ پھر بھی حیاتی مماثل دوا کی قیمت زیادہ کم نہیں ہوپاتی۔ اس کی وجہ دوا بنانے کا طریق کار ہے۔
فیکٹری میں ایک حیاتی دوا اسٹیل سے بنی دیوہیکل کیتلیوں میں تیار ہوتی ہے۔ جب دوا بن جائے، تو یہ کیتلیاں بذریعہ بھاپ صاف کی جاتی ہیں۔ یہ سارا عمل کئی دن میں مکمل ہوتا ہے۔ نیز کیتلیاں لگانے کی خاطر ہزاروں مربع فٹ جگہ درکار ہوتی ہے۔
ڈاکٹر سرفراز نیازی سوچنے لگے کہ کیا حیاتی مماثل دوا کسی چھوٹی کیتلی یا ملتی جلتی شے میں تیار نہیں ہوسکتی؟ موزوں شے تک پہنچنے کے لیے انہوں نے مختلف اشیا پر تجربے کیے۔ آخر کار اپنی خداداد ذہانت اور محنت کے بل بوتے پر انہوں نے موزوں شے دریافت کر ہی لی… یہ ایک پلاسٹک بیگ ہے۔
تحقیق و تجربات سے افشا ہوا کہ آٹھ فٹ لمبے اور چار فٹ چوڑے پلاسٹک بیگ میں خلیے و سالمے وغیرہ تیزی سے پرورش پاتے اور بہت جلد دوا بناڈالتے ہیں۔ اسٹیل کیتلی کے مقابلے میں انہیں ماحول بھی نرم و ملائم ملتا ہے اور دوا تیار کرنے کے اس طریقے میں صفائی بھی کوئی مسئلہ نہیں۔ بس جب مطلوبہ مقدار میں دوا بن جائے، تو پلاسٹک بیگ پھینک دو۔
ڈاکٹر سرفراز نے پلاسٹک بیگ کے ذریعے پہلی حیاتی مماثل دوا کامیابی سے تیار کی، تو ان کی خوشی کا ٹھکانا نہیں رہا۔ انہیں یقین ہوگیا کہ پلاسٹک بیگوں کے ذریعے وہ وسیع پیمانے پر حیاتی ادویہ تیار کرسکتے ہیں۔ ظاہر ہے، یہ خطرناک بیماریوں کا شکارمریضوں کے لیے بھی بڑی خوش خبری تھی جو عموماً علاج کے اخراجات کے بوجھ تلے سسکتے رہتے ہیں۔
2003ء میں انہوں نے اپنی جمع پونجی لی، کچھ رقم دوست احباب سے پکڑی اور اپنے مسکن امریکی شہر،شگاگو میں تھراپیٹک پروٹینز (Therapeutic Proteins, Inc) نامی کمپنی دس لاکھ ڈالر (دس کروڑ روپے) کے سرمائے سے قائم کردی۔ اس زمانے میں حیاتی مماثل ادویہ کا نظریہ ابتدائی شکل میں تھا… جبکہ کوئی ایسی دوا عملی طور پہ بنی ہی نہیں تھی۔ مگر ڈاکٹر سرفراز کی دور رس نگاہوں نے دیکھ لیا کہ مستقبل قریب میں حیاتی مماثل ادویہ کا شعبہ بڑی اہمیت اختیار کرجائے گا۔
ڈاکٹر سرفراز کا خیال درست نکلا۔ تاہم ان کے حوصلے صحیح معنوں میں 2010ء میں بلند ہوئے۔ اسی سال امریکی حکومت نے حیاتی مماثل ادویہ کی توثیق و ترویج کے لیے ایک قانون ’’ایفورڈ ایبل کیئر ایکٹ‘‘ (Affordable Care Act) پاس کیا تاکہ عوام کو ریلیف مل سکے۔ یوں امریکا اور یورپ میں بھی حیاتی مماثل ادویہ کی تیاری اور خرید و فروخت قانون کے دائرے میں ہونے لگی۔
درج بالا ایکٹ کی تشکیل کے بعد ڈاکٹر سرفراز کی کمپنی دن دوگنی رات چوگنی ترقی کرنے لگی۔ جب امریکی سرمایہ کاروں کو علم ہوا کہ ڈاکٹر صاحب حیاتی مماثل دوا بنانے کا سستا و اچھوتا طریق کار دریافت کرچکے، تو وہ تھراپٹک پروٹینز میں بڑھ چڑھ کر پیسہ لگانے لگے۔ اب کمپنی کی مالیت 100 ملین ڈالر (دس ارب روپے) تک پہنچ چکی جبکہ کمپنی میں ’’دو سو ملازمین‘‘ کام کررہے ہیں۔
آج ڈاکٹر سرفراز نیازی کی زیر قیادت کمپنی کے سائنس داں ’’نو‘‘ حیاتی مماثل ادویہ پر کام کررہے ہیں۔ اسی حقیقت نے غیر معروف پاکستانی ماہر ادویہ سازی کو اچانک امریکا کی دنیائے طب میں مشہور ہستی بنادیا۔ وجہ یہی کہ ڈاکٹر سرفراز نیازی قیمتی انسانی زندگیاں بچانے والی ایسی ادویہ ایجاد کررہے ہیں جو بہترین ہونے کے ساتھ ساتھ سستی بھی ہوں گی۔
ڈاکٹر سرفراز نیازی کی شخصیت اس امر کا ثبوت ہے کہ ایک پاکستانی کو مواقع میسر آئیں، تو وہ اپنی ذہانت، محنت اور صلاحیتوں کے بل بوتے پر ایسے محیر العقول کارنامے انجام دے سکتا ہے کہ دنیا والے دنگ رہ جائیں۔ اگلے ڈیڑھ برس میں ڈاکٹر سرفراز نیازی اپنی کمپنی میں تیار کردہ ’’چار حیاتی مماثل ادویہ‘‘ مارکیٹ میں لانا چاہتے ہیں۔ یہ حقیقی حیاتی ادویہ کے مقابلے میں ’’50 تا 75 فیصد‘‘ سستی ہوں گی جبکہ بیماری دور کرنے کی صلاحیت میں کوئی فرق نہیں ہوگا۔
پہلی دو دوائیں ’’نیولاسٹا‘‘ (Neulasta) اور ’’نیوفوجن‘‘ (Neupogen) حیاتی ادویہ کی حیاتی مماثل دوائیں ہیں۔ یہ دونوں ادویہ کیمیوتھراپی اور بون میرو ٹرانسپلانٹیشن کے دوران سفید خونی خلیوں (White Blood Cells) کی تعداد میں اضافہ کرتی ہیں۔ یاد رہے، انسانی جسم میں یہی خلیے ہمیں چھوت و مرض سے بچاتے ہیں۔
نیولاسٹا یا نیوفوجن ٹیکوں کے دوہفتے والے کورس پر تقریباً چار لاکھ روپے (4 ہزار ڈالر) خرچ ہوتے ہیں۔ مگر ڈاکٹر سرفراز نیازی کی تیار کردہ حیاتی مماثل دوا ڈیڑھ دو لاکھ میں مریض کو صحت بخش سکیںگی۔ دنیا میں ہر سال چھ ارب ڈالر (چھ کھرب روپے) مالیت کی درج بالا دونوں دوائیں خریدی جاتی ہیں۔ اس عدد کی وسعت کا اندازہ یوں لگائیے کہ حالیہ مالی سال میں حکومت پاکستان کا بجٹ تقریباً ساڑھے تین ارب ڈالر کا ہے۔
تھراپٹکس پروٹینز کی اگلی دو ادویہ ’’ہومیریا‘‘ (Humira) حیاتی دوا کی نقل ہوں گی۔ یہ انجکشن جوڑوں کے درد اور گٹھیا میں افاقہ پہنچاتا ہے۔ ایک ماہ تک علاج کے ٹیکے تقریباً پونے دو لاکھ روپے میں آتے ہیں۔ گویا یہ بھی مہنگی دوا ہے۔ اس کے باوجود ہومیریا کا شمارہ دنیا میں سب سے زیادہ بکنے والی ادویہ میں ہوتا ہے۔ ہر سال 12 ارب ڈالر (بارہ کھرب روپے) کے ہومیریا ٹیکے خریدے جاتے ہیں۔
ڈاکٹر سرفراز نیازی نے فی الوقت امریکا کو ٹارگٹ بنا رکھا ہے جہاں غربت کم ہے۔ نیز حکومت بھی ناداروں کے علاج میں مدد کرتی ہے مگر ان کا حقیقی ویژن یہ ہے کہ وہ غریب ممالک میں فروخت ہونے والی کم قیمت حیاتی مماثل ادویہ تخلیق کریں… ایسی دوائیں جنہیں ایک نادار بھی خرید سکے۔ یونہی ان کا مشن پورا ہوسکتا ہے۔ ایک سیانے کا قول ہے:
’’ایک انسان کو سچی مسرت و اطمینان اسی وقت ملتا ہے جب اسے معلوم ہوکہ اس کی وجہ سے ایک شخص خوش و خرم ہوگیا۔‘‘
اور اعلیٰ اخلاقی اقدار کے جلو میں پروان چڑھنے والے ڈاکٹر سرفراز نیازی درج بالا قول پر کامل ایمان رکھتے ہیں۔
سائنس دان، موجد، شاعرفوٹوگرافر اور موسیقار
ڈاکٹر سرفراز خان نیازی مشہور اردو ادیب و مدیر، علامہ نیاز فتح پوری کے صاحب زادے ہیں۔10 جولائی 1949ء کو لکھنؤ( بھارت) میں پیدا ہوئے۔ 1962ء میں والدین کے ہمراہ کراچی چلے آئے۔ 1969ء میں کراچی یونیورسٹی سے بی فارمیسی کیا۔ بعد ازاں امریکا چلے گئے۔ وہاں واشنگٹن اسٹیٹ یونیورسٹی سے فارمیسی میں ایم اے کیا۔ 1974ء میں الینائے یونیورسٹی سے فارمیسی ہی میں ڈاکٹریٹ کی ڈگری پائی۔

ڈاکٹریٹ کرنے کے بعد آپ شکاگو چلے گئے اور وہاں الینائے یونیورسٹی کے کالج آف فارمیسی میں پڑھانے لگے۔ 1988ء میں کراچی واپس آئے اور ایک مشہور عالمی ادویہ ساز کمپنی کے ڈائریکٹر ٹیکنیکل افیئرز مقرر ہوئے۔ اسی دوران آغا خان یونیورسٹی سے بہ حیثیت پروفیسر فارما کولوجی (Pharmacology) منسلک رہے۔
1996ء میں متحدہ ارب امارات کی ادویہ ساز کمپنی‘ گلف فارماسیوٹیکل کمپنی میں کام کرنے لگے۔2003ء میں اپنی ادویہ ساز کمپنی‘ تھراپٹک پروٹیز کی بنیاد رکھی جو اب بین الاقوامی ادارہ بن چکا ۔ آپ ایچ ای جے ریسرچ انسٹی ٹیوٹ آف کیمسٹری (کراچی یونیورسٹی ) اور نیسٹ‘ اسلام آباد میں بھی گاہے بگاہے لیکچر دیتے ہیں۔
والد کی طرح ڈاکٹر سرفراز بھی ہمہ جہت شخصیت ہیں یعنی موجد‘ سائنس داں‘ شاعر‘ لکھاری‘ فوٹو گرافر اور موسیقار ! اب تک امریکا میں اپنی 70 سے زیادہ ایجادات رجسٹرڈ (پیٹنٹ) کروا چکے۔ ان سبھی ایجادات کی بنیاد ڈاکٹر سرفراز کا یہ نظریہ ہے: ’’ایک کام کو زیادہ سے زیادہ آسان بنایا جائے۔‘‘
چنانچہ انہوںنے ایک ایسی ٹوپی ایجاد کی جس کے کنارے میں پوشیدہ سوراخ موجود ہیں۔ اس ٹوپی کی خصوصیت یہ ہے کہ یہ تیز ہوا میں بھی سر پر جمی رہتی ہے۔ اسے انہوں نے ’’تیز ہوا والی شہری ٹوپی‘‘ (Windy city hat) کا نام دیا۔اسی طرح ایسے اشارے ایجاد کیے جو کار کے اطراف میں لگ سکیں۔ یوں لین بدلتے یا موڑ کاٹتے ہوئے ان اشاروں کی مدد سے حادثے کا امکان کم ہو گیا۔
آپ تکنیکی و ادبی موضوعات پر سیکڑوں مضامین‘ ایک سو سے زیادہ مقالے اور درجنوں کتب تحریر کر چکے ۔ مرزا غالب کی شاعری کے عاشق ہیں۔ لہٰذا 2002ء میں پورا دیوان غالب انگریزی میں ترجمہ کر کے اس عظیم اردو شاعر کو دنیائے مغرب میں متعارف کرایا۔
ڈاکٹر سرفراز خود بھی اچھے شاعر ہیں۔ 1962ء میں ریڈیو پاکستان کے سربراہ‘ زیڈ اے بخاری نے نوجوان شعراء کا مشاعرہ کرایا۔ اس مشاعرے میں تیرہ سالہ سرفراز نے ایک غزل سنا کر میلا لوٹ لیا۔ وہ غزل بخاری صاحب جیسی قد آور ادبی شخصیت کو بھی پسند آئی۔
غزل کے چند اشعار یہ ہیں:
دل بیتاب کسی طرح بہلتا ہی نہیں
شاید اس درد محبت کا مداوا ہی نہیں
پوچھتے کیا ہو تم اب حال نیازی ہم سے
در پہ اس کے جو وہ بیٹھا‘ تو پھر اٹھا ہی نہیں

دنیا بھر میں ملک و قوم کا نام روشن کرنے پر حکومت پاکستان نے 2012ء میں آپ کو ستارہ امتیاز سے نوازا۔ ڈاکٹر سرفراز کا ایک نظریہ یہ ہے کہ کسی خیال یا کام پر حد سے زیادہ وقت ضائع نہیں کرنا چاہیے۔ نوجوانوں کے نام ان کا پیغام ہے۔
’’آپ کبھی اپنے خیالات کے اسیر نہ بنیے ۔اگر کوئی خیال یا کام مسئلہ حل نہ کر سکے‘ انسانی زندگی کو بہتر نہیں بنائے‘ تو اسے چھوڑ دیجیے اور آگے بڑھئیے۔ آپ کو مزید کئی انقلابی نظریے و خیالات مل جائیں گے۔‘‘

Dr Samar Mubarak mand (Nuclear Scientist) Nishan-e-Imtiaz, Hilal-e-Imtiaz, Sitara-e-Imtiaz



Dr Samar Mubarakmand (born September 17, 1942), (NI, HI, SI, Ph.D., FPAS), is a Pakistani nuclear scientist and a renowned nuclear physicist. He is the founding Chairman of Pakistan's National Engineering and Scientific Commission where he initiated the Missile Integration Programme in 1987. A pioneer of Fluid and Aerodynamics in Pakistan, Mubarakmand has been awarded Pakistan's three highest civil awards, the Nishan-e-Imtiaz, the Hilal-e-Imtiaz and the Sitara-e-Imtiaz. He rose to national and international fame in May 1998, when he headed the team of Pakistani scientists which conducted the country's successful nuclear tests in Balochistan.

Education

Samar Mubarakmand completed his elementary and intermediate education from Lahore. He did his matriculation from St. Anthony's High School in 1956. He received his B.Sc. in Experimental Physics in 1958 and his M.Sc. degree in experimental nuclear physics in 1962, in which he wrote his M.Sc. thesis on "Construction of a gamma-ray spectrometer",both from Government College University, Lahore. He received his Ph.D. in experimental nuclear physics from the University of Oxford in 1966 under the renowed nuclear physicist Dr. D. H. Wilkinson. In Oxford, he was part of the team that commissioned a 22 million volt atomic accelerator. He has expertise in nuclear instrumentation, nuclear diagnostics, nuclear physics, application of lasers, and fiber optics technology.

National Engineering and Scientific Commission

Mubarakmand was appointed the founding Chairman of Pakistan's National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM) in 2001. NESCOM is believed to be the biggest scientific organization in Pakistan today. One of his recent landmark achievements is the establishment of Centers of Excellence (COEs) in the fields of Computational Science and Medicine, Control & Instrumentation, Fluid Dynamics & Engineering Design, Hydro Technologies, Wireless communication, and Electronics and Composite Materials. These COEs are fast becoming the hub of advance scientific and medical activity in Pakistan, conducting research in areas such as stem cells, tissue culture technology, and production of cardiac stents.

Scientific journals and papers

1) Super critical movement of point charges in a Bose-Einstein condensate-Fahad Shiftra, Prof. Asad Abidi and Dr. Samar Mubarakmand (Turkish journal of physics - May 2005)

2) Derivation of a mathematical relationship between the relative movement of point charges and their associated viscosic medium - Dr. Samar Mubarakmand, Fahad Shiftra and Prof. Ian.

3) A Science Oddyssey: Pakistans Nuclear emergence, Dr. Samar Mubarakmand, Dr. Khalil Qureshi, Dr. Masoor Beg, Dr. Masud Ahmad.

Awards and honors

Dr. Nazir Ahmad Award (2007)

Nishan-e-Imtiaz (2003)

Hilal-e-Imtiaz (1998)

Sitara-e-Imtiaz (1992)

Academic Roll of Honour, Government College, Lahore (1962).

Monday, November 3, 2014

Basit Farooq Alvi and Amjad Farooq Alvi inventors of first Virus in the history of Computer Virus



Brain is the industry standard name for a computer virus that was released in its first form in January 1986, and is considered to be the first computer virus for MS-DOS. It infects the boot sector of storage media formatted with the DOS File Allocation Table (FAT) file system. Brain was written by two brothers, Basit Farooq Alvi and Amjad Farooq Alvi, from Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.

When the brothers began to receive a large number of phone calls from people in United States, United Kingdom and elsewhere, demanding that they disinfect their machines, they were stunned and tried to explain to the outraged callers that their motivation had not been malicious. Their phone lines were overloaded. The brothers with another brother Shahid Farooq Alvi are still in business in Pakistan as Brain NET Internet service providers with a company called Brain Telecommunication Limited.

In 2011, 25 years after Brain was released, Mikko Hyppönen of F-Secure travelled to Pakistan to interview Amjad for a documentary. Being inspired by this documentary and its wide spread, a group of Pakistani bloggers interviewed Amjad, under the banner of Bloggerine.

Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas Shaheed (Nishan-e-Haider, Pakistan)


He was born on 17 February 1951. He was commissioned as a pilot in the Pakistan Air Force in 1971. Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas was taxiing for take off on a routine training flight when an Instructor Pilot forced his way into the rear cockpit, seized control of the aircraft and took off. When Rashid Minhas realized that the absconding pilot was heading towards India, he tried to regain control of the plane but was unable to do so. Knowing that it meant certain death, he damaged the controls and forced the aircraft to crash thirty-two miles short of the border on 20 August 1971.

Dr. Adeeb ul Hassan Rizvi (Sind Institute of Urology & Transplantation)



Prof. Doctor Adib Rizvi a prominent name who is doing a phenomenal job when it comes to medical treatment and welfare of patients coming over to SIUT. He has the great will to cater his patients desires, His effort not only as a doctor but as an administrator and as a human being are highly commendable. 'He maintains that his greatest satisfaction is to see the smiles on the patients' faces'.

Adeebul Hasan Rizvi (also spelled: Adibul Hasan Rizvi) is head of Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT).SIUT started as an eight bed ward at Civil Hospital, Karachi, and has grown to be Pakistan's leading & largest Urology and Transplantation Institute.

Rizvi is the president of the Transplant Society of Pakistan. In 2003, Rizvi led a team of SIUT surgeons that performed the first successful liver transplant on an infant in Pakistan.


In 2001, police arrested "a gang that 'was planning to murder'" Rizvi.

Dr Abdul Bari Khan (CEO Indus Hospital) is a philanthropist who believes in serving the humanity


Dr Abdul Bari Khan, a career cardiologist could have done anything in healthcare professional. He could have worked in any developed country, earn a lot by private practice etc. But he choose a different and difficult path by planning to open a modern healthcare facility for poor people in Karachi.

The Indus Hospital in Korangi area of Karachi speaks of humongous work put in by Dr Abdul Bari and his colleagues. While Dr Abdul Bari remains in the forefront, this project is an outcome of dedication of many of his colleagues who must be acknowledged.

Today, The Indus Hospital is not just an ordinary hospital. While it continues to run merely on donations and treats patients for free, it has gone beyond the ordinary healthcare and is harbinger of social change in the area. Using modern technology, the hospital administration has mapped the Korangi area and gathered data of residents to plan their healthcare in a professional manner.

Dr Abdul Bari Khan, his colleagues and team have proved that if you are sincere in your efforts, you are bound to gain success in your endeavors. They are truly Amazing Pakistanis deserving our tribute and gratitude for their services. 

An interview with Dr Abdul Bari Khan (on speakforchange.org)

Sunday, November 2, 2014

پاکستان کی ننھی پری نے بھارت سمیت 17 ممالک کو شکست دیکر ریاضی کا عالمی مقابلہ جیت لیا

پاکستان کی ننھی پری نے بھارت سمیت 17 ممالک کو شکست دیکر ریاضی کا عالمی مقابلہ جیت لیا


سرگودھا: آٹھ سالہ ماہ نور کسی مہنگے اسکول میں پڑھتی ہے اور نہ ہی اس کے پاس شاہانہ سہولتیں ہیں لیکن یقین کی دولت سے مالا مال باہمت بچی نے سرکاری اسکول میں پڑھتے ہوئے آسٹریلیا کی یونیورسٹی آف نیو ساؤتھ ویلز کے زیر اہتمام ہونے والا ریاضی کا مقابلہ جیت کر پاکستان کا سر فخر سے بلند کر دیا ہے۔
سرگودھا کی رہائشی 8 سالہ ماہ نور نے آسٹریلیا کی یونیورسٹی آف نیو ساؤتھ ویلز کے زیر اہتمام ہونے والے ریاضی کے عالمی مقابلے میں بھارت، سری لنکا، قطر، سعودی عرب اور بحرین سمیت ایشیا کے 17 ممالک کے طلبہ وطالبات کو شکست دے کر اعزاز اپنے نام کر لیا۔ ماہ نور کو مقابلے میں پہلی پوزیشن حاسل کرنے پر یونیورسٹی آف نیو ساؤتھ ویلزکی جانب سے گولڈ میڈل اور اسناد سے نوازا گیا۔
ماہ نور کا کہنا ہے کہ ریاضی اور سائنس پسندیدہ مضامین ہیں اور بڑی ہو کر سائنس دان بن کر ملک کا نام بلند کرنا چاہتی اور اس کی حفاظت کرنا چاہتی ہوں۔ ماہ نور کے والد کا کہنا ہے کہ ہمارے معاشرے میں بچیوں کو تعلیم دلانے کی مخالفت کی جاتی ہے لیکن میری خواہش ہے کہ اپنی تینوں بیٹیوں کو جہاں تک یہ چاہتی ہیں تعلیم دلواؤں۔
اپنےشہراور اسکول کا نام دنیا بھر میں روشن کرنے پر ماہ نور کے اساتذہ کے سر بھی فخر سے بلند ہو گئے ہیں۔ ماہ نور کی ذہانت نے ثابت کر دیا کہ ٹیلنٹ صرف بڑے شہروں میں ہی نہیں پایا جاتا بلکہ چھوٹے شہر اور سرکاری اسکول بھی ذہانت کی دولت سے مالا مال ہیں ضرورت صرف اس ٹیلنٹ کو نکھارنے کی کی ہے۔


پاکستان کی ننھی پری نے بھارت سمیت 17 ممالک کو شکست دیکر ریاضی کا عالمی مقابلہ جیت لیا



سرگودھا: آٹھ سالہ ماہ نور کسی مہنگے اسکول میں پڑھتی ہے اور نہ ہی اس کے پاس شاہانہ سہولتیں ہیں لیکن یقین کی دولت سے مالا مال باہمت بچی نے سرکاری اسکول میں پڑھتے ہوئے آسٹریلیا کی یونیورسٹی آف نیو ساؤتھ ویلز کے زیر اہتمام ہونے والا ریاضی کا مقابلہ جیت کر پاکستان کا سر فخر سے بلند کر دیا ہے۔
سرگودھا کی رہائشی 8 سالہ ماہ نور نے آسٹریلیا کی یونیورسٹی آف نیو ساؤتھ ویلز کے زیر اہتمام ہونے والے ریاضی کے عالمی مقابلے میں بھارت، سری لنکا، قطر، سعودی عرب اور بحرین سمیت ایشیا کے 17 ممالک کے طلبہ وطالبات کو شکست دے کر اعزاز اپنے نام کر لیا۔ ماہ نور کو مقابلے میں پہلی پوزیشن حاسل کرنے پر یونیورسٹی آف نیو ساؤتھ ویلزکی جانب سے گولڈ میڈل اور اسناد سے نوازا گیا۔
ماہ نور کا کہنا ہے کہ ریاضی اور سائنس پسندیدہ مضامین ہیں اور بڑی ہو کر سائنس دان بن کر ملک کا نام بلند کرنا چاہتی اور اس کی حفاظت کرنا چاہتی ہوں۔ ماہ نور کے والد کا کہنا ہے کہ ہمارے معاشرے میں بچیوں کو تعلیم دلانے کی مخالفت کی جاتی ہے لیکن میری خواہش ہے کہ اپنی تینوں بیٹیوں کو جہاں تک یہ چاہتی ہیں تعلیم دلواؤں۔
اپنےشہراور اسکول کا نام دنیا بھر میں روشن کرنے پر ماہ نور کے اساتذہ کے سر بھی فخر سے بلند ہو گئے ہیں۔ ماہ نور کی ذہانت نے ثابت کر دیا کہ ٹیلنٹ صرف بڑے شہروں میں ہی نہیں پایا جاتا بلکہ چھوٹے شہر اور سرکاری اسکول بھی ذہانت کی دولت سے مالا مال ہیں ضرورت صرف اس ٹیلنٹ کو نکھارنے کی کی ہے۔

Pakistani student won Math competition by TheExpressNews

Saturday, November 1, 2014

Tariq Aziz is a Pakistani television host known for his work on the general-knowledge quiz show Neelam Ghar


Tariq Aziz (born April 28, 1936) is a Pakistani television host known for his work on the general-knowledge quiz show Neelam Ghar, later renamed the Tariq Aziz Show and now known as Bazm-e-Tariq Aziz. Neelam Ghar first aired in 1975. Aziz received his early education in Sahiwal before starting his career at Radio Pakistan Lahore. When Pakistan started its Television telecast in 1964 from Lahore, Aziz was the first male PTV announcer. He was the first man to be seen on a Pakistan television (PTV) broadcast. Aziz, along with Zeba, starred in "Insaniyat", a Pakistani film. Aziz also starred in another Pakistani film "Haar Gaya Insaan". Aziz has appeared on several local television programs and morning shows. He has also organized telethons for charity purposes. In 1996, Aziz was elected to the National Assembly from Lahore as a member of the Pakistan Muslim League (N).

Bazm-e-Tariq Aziz (formerly Neelam Ghar and Tariq Aziz Show) is a game show which comprises many quizzes. hosted by Tariq Aziz on PTV from 1975[2] to the 1990s. It recommenced with the title Tariq Aziz Show in 1997 and in 2006 took the name Bazm e Tariq Aziz. The show celebrated its fortieth anniversary in October 2010 and in February 2012 it celebrated its 300th episode. It is the oldest television show in Pakistan. With only a few interruptions it has continuously run for the last 35 years on PTV and it has been hosted by Tariq Aziz since its first day.

Neelam Ghar was the first television show in South Asia to have mass audience participation, commercial sponsorships for specific questions or question rounds, and extravagant prizes. Major corporations like Hitachi were prominent sponsors of the show.

Tariq Aziz has a very unique speaking style. He belongs to Sahiwal but now he lives in Lahore. "He is probably the most recognised PTV personality in Pakistan.” said former director of public relations and former press attaché to Bangladesh, Mohammed Hussain Malik. "His show in Bangladesh was a complete success. Bengalis who did not know any Urdu watched his show. He did four shows and all were completely sold out.”

Aarif Rana was the creator and the first producer of Neelam Ghar. It is organised by Pakistan Television Corporation in Hall no. 2, Alhamra Arts Council, Lahore. Other Producers include Hafeez Tahir, Ayub Khawar, Syed Zahid Uzair, Farrukh Bashir, Aagha Zulfiqar Farrukh, Aagha Qaisar, Tajdar Aadil.